The first one was done at Loma Linda University Medical Center in Loma Linda, California. The other two were done at Children's Hospital in Birmingham, Alabama.
I've never had spasms related to my spinal cord damage. I was born with spina bifida (myelomeningocele, L5/S1), but I also have several other conditions. One of them, joint hypermobility syndrome, does cause spasms, but it is completely unrelated to the SB. Also, my last detethering was done before the JHS diagnosis. I know I need another detethering, but no neurosurgeon is willing to do it because of my previous detethering. Each subsequent detethering increases the risk of paralysis, and since I'm not currently paralyzed, any neuro I approach about the surgery is afraid of a lawsuit.